History and culture of Majorca, Balearic Islands

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The historians have always believed that the first inhabitants of Majorca go back to 4000-3000 BC (neolithic), but coal remains found on the island had them admit the existence of a more primitive population, from 7200 BC.

History and Culture of Majorca : Between 3000 and 1300 BC, there is proof of the existance of a construction known as a naviculaire, a kind of construction in the shape of reversed vessel, which was used in Majorca for dwellings or tombs.

Around 123 BC, the Roman empire invaded the island with the pretext to capture it from the pirates who lodged in the Balearic Islands. The Romans were helped by an avalanche of flying stones from the Mallorquin slingers, both those mythical and proven. Moreover, to date the spirits have not forgotten their past and sling-shooting has become a popular sport in Majorca!

In the year 425 AD, the island underwent the invasion and plundering by the barbaric Germanic vandals. This was followed by the Muslim occupation, giving the island a rather long period of prosperity, which saw Medina Mayurka (Palma) become a place of culture.
At present there are very few vestiges of this time: the Arab baths in the old city of Palma is one of the last of them.

December 31, 1229, the armies of Aragon recovered the island in the name of Christendom.
During the 15th century, Majorca's cartography became famous for its workshops and renowned in Europe for Maritime cartography.

Back to democracy in 1977, the archipelago was able to recover the Catalan culture that had been prohibited before and in 1983, their own government, to form part of the 17 Spanish autonomous communities.

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